Tyre Ageing: What is it and How does it Impact Your Tyres?

Tyres constitute one of the most important safety features of a vehicle. That’s why correct tyre maintenance is vital, not only to extend its service life, but also to ensure safety within the vehicle. But how long do tyres last?

What factors increase tyre ageing?

Some might argue that tyres should be replaced after 10 years, others say that the life cycle of a tyre can exceed 40,000 kilometres. What is clear, however, is that with the right maintenance, a tyre’s service life can be extended and replacement can be delayed.

A tyre’s service life depends on several factors such as the vehicle type, its power, the rubber compound, and even the driver.

As you drive, the tread on your tyres starts to wear, so here are some factors that cause premature tyre wear and some tips on how to prevent it:

Weather conditions

Tyre wear usually comes from exposure to elements such as heat, sunlight, and rain, so your tyres will last longer if they’re kept indoors.

Vehicle weight

Tyres on heavier vehicles tend to wear faster. Also, overloaded tyres can overheat which, in addition to premature wear, could lead to a blowout. That’s why it is important to check the maximum tyre load rating on the sidewall.

Driving style  

Driving at high speeds, as well as aggressive cornering and braking speeds up wear, since it increases the tyre’s temperature.

Position

The driven wheels wear faster, which means that if it´s a front-wheel-drive, the front wheels will wear faster than the rear ones, and on a rear-wheel-drive, it will be the opposite.

Pressure

When it comes to tyre wear, pressure is key, since under or over inflated tyres will wear quicker. When a tyre’s pressure is too low, the outside edges of the tread will start to wear earlier, whereas when it’s over-inflated it will wear down the middle of the tread, causing the vehicle to lose stability. For that reason, you should always check the tyre’s pressure and always keep it inflated to the pressure recommended by the manufacturer.

Alignment

Poorly maintained shock absorbers and wrong wheel alignment parameters can cause premature and uneven wear of the tyres. So, if you notice excessive wear, you should ask your technician for an alignment adjustment.

Road conditions

Road conditions can also determine how long a tyre lasts. Some elements such as severe heat build-up or the stress caused by varying surface textures can cause a significant reduction in a tyre’s lifespan.

Despite all the above, you should bear in mind that tyres should not be used for too long, as they have an expiry date after which their components lose their qualities, which can also have a very negative effect on road safety. Therefore, as a general rule, avoid tyres that are more than ten years old, either in use or new tyres that have been stored for that long.

If you are worried about the age of your tyres and if they are still road worthy, you can use our dealer locator tool to find your closest tyre shop from Tayaria.

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